Emotional regulation is an important skill learned during early childhood. Your textbook states: “One of the most important aspects of emotional regulation is what it predicts later in development. Preschoolers and elementary-age children who express a great deal of anger, hostility, and other negative emotions show poorer social competence in school and are isolated from or rejected by peers (Eisenberg et al,. 1987; Fabes et al., 2002; Hubbard, 200; Zechmeister, Zechmeister, & Shaughnessy, 2001). Based on your Readings for this unit or on other research-based sources, answer this question: According to research, how can parents and other caregivers help children ages 2 to 6 to learn how to regulate their emotions, increase social competence, and improve peer relationships? Be sure your response includes original academic research/literature.
In your text, you have read about how children in middle childhood are learning to regulate their emotions and the role that parents play in this development process. Based on the course material:
1. What are two behaviors that parents engage in that affect emotional regulation in children ages 6–11?
2. How might those two behaviors affect a child’s self-esteem?
3. What role does the child’s temperament play in his/her development of emotional regulation? Integrate the conclusions found in the Zalewski et al. (2011) article (below) addressing the relationship between emotional regulation and temperament. Be sure to use your own words when including information found from the article, and use direct quotes sparingly.
Source: Zalewski, M., Lengua, L. J., Wilson, A. C., Trancik, A., & Bazinet, A. (2011). Emotion regulation profiles, temperament, and adjustment problems in preadolescents. Child Development, 82(3), 951-966.