African American essay, History homework

I need 300 word each 

  1. How did debates over affirmative action, reparations, and welfare influence the political realignments of black and white Americans during the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton administrations?
  2. According to the text, several forces thwarted the progress of the African American community, and social integration in America – “The fading dream of racial integration, white backlash and black nationalism.” Analyze this situation, and describe its key points of causation and outcomes.